Open well, tube well and canals are the main source of irrigation in the district. Source wise irrigation potential in the district is as under
Paddy, Wheat & Gram are the major crops in the district having low productivity as compare to potential due to traditional farm practices.
With inputs becoming costlier adoption of Scientific farming techniques is slow.
Most of the seeding devices are traditional resulted low inputs use efficiency.
50 – 60% of cultivated land under rainfed agriculture is contributing only 25- 30% of total crop production
Effective application of chemical is inadequate. About 75 -80 % of the total pesticide applied reaches on the soil instead of being retained on the plant.
The size of land holdings is progressively reducing, with very low availability of agriculture land sustenance of farmers through agriculture is becoming difficult.
The application efficiency of conventional irrigation system is only up to 40 %, due to non adoption of pressurized & scientific method of irrigation.
Due to lack of proper post harvest technologies losses in food grain is 10-15 %.
Diversification of crop is very slow. Area under Horticulture crops is only 2.5 % of cultivated land.
Cropping intensity of the district is only 95%.
Application of Soil and Water conservation technologies at farmers part are almost nil.
Present seed replacement rate is only 2%.
Imbalance and non judicious use of fertilizer (20:11:1 Kg NPK) in the district not only deteriorating soil health but also increasing cost of production.
Poor storage facilities & high fluctuation in market rate for fruits and vegetables restrict to farmers for crop diversification.
Adoption of improved tools and implements is very slow due to poor purchasing capacity of farmers is bottleneck in adoption of effective & scientific technology.
Non availability of critical inputs in time and their adulteration
Inadequate knowledge on the part of farmers as well as extension functionaries about location specific technologies suitable for farming system.
Poor credit support to small & marginal farmers is one of the bottleneck in enhancing productivity.
Although significant work has been done at R & D and policy level for enhancing crop productivity but lack of proper linkage and coordination among developmental departments the expected results yet to come.
Irregular supply of power in rabi during peak crop period is one of the bottleneck in enhancing crop production.
Govt. Offices and institutions working in the field of Agriculture and allied to agriculture in the district.
collage of Agriculture. Durg
Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
Department of Agriculture.
Department of Horticulture
Department of Veterinary Science
Department of Fisheries
District forest office.
Registrar cooperative society
Water resource Department
District Food Office.
Other institution – ITC, IFFCO, KRIBHCO, NFL, etc.