कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र, पाहंदा (अ) दुर्ग की वेबसाइट में आपका स्वागत है.......

About District

a. District Profile (in brief)

(A) Demographical information of district

Physiography :

Climate :

Soil :

(B) Trend of area / productivity of 3-4 major crops grown in Kharif & rabi, croping pattern

Area, production, productivity of major crops in the district during (2010-2012) -

(A) Kharif Crops

Area under Kharif crops in ha. (2012-13)
S.No. Crop Average Year
2012 2011 2010
1.
2.
3.
4.
Production of Kharif crops in MT. (2011-12)
S.No. Crop Average Year
2008 2007 2006
1.
2.
3.
4.
Productivity of Kharif crops in kg/ha. (2010-11)
S.No. Crop Average Year
1.
2.
3.
4.

(A) Rabi Crops

Area under Rabi crops in ha. (2008-11)
S.No. Crop Average Year
2010-11 2009-10 2008-09
1.
2.
3.
4.
Production of Rabi crops in MT (2008-10))
S.No. Crop Average Year
2010-11 2009-10 2008-09
1.
2.
3.
4.
Productivity of Rabi crops in Kg/ha. (2008-11)
S.No. Crop Average Year
2010-11 2009-10 2008-09
1.
2.
3.
4.
Horticultural Crops in the district (2006-07 to 2007-08)
Name of Crop Area (ha) Production in ton Productivity (Kg/ha) Major crops
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
Fruits Mango, Guava, lemon, papaya, jackfruit, & orange
Vegetables Onion, Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Gobhi, Bhindi, Green pea
Spices Chilli, Garlic, Coriender, Ginger
Flower & Medicinal Marigold, Gaillardia, Rose Ashwagandha
Total

(C) Status of livestock in brief

(Population, Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry etc. in the district)
Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred
Indigenous
Buffalo
Crossbred
Goats
Pigs
Crossbred
Indigenous
Poultry
Hens
Desi
Improved
Ducks

(D) Land utilization and irrigation status

Distt/ Block Geographical Area (ha) Cultivated Area (ha) Double Cropped Area (ha) Irrigated Area (ha) Forest Land (ha) Fallow land (ha)
District
Block
Baikunthpur
Khadgawa
Bharatpur
Manendraagrh
Sonhat

Details of Irrigation:

Open well, tube well and canals are the main source of irrigation in the district. Source wise irrigation potential in the district is as under

Scenario:

Paddy, Wheat & Gram are the major crops in the district having low productivity as compare to potential due to traditional farm practices.

With inputs becoming costlier adoption of Scientific farming techniques is slow.

Most of the seeding devices are traditional resulted low inputs use efficiency.

50 – 60% of cultivated land under rainfed agriculture is contributing only 25- 30% of total crop production

Effective application of chemical is inadequate. About 75 -80 % of the total pesticide applied reaches on the soil instead of being retained on the plant.

The size of land holdings is progressively reducing, with very low availability of agriculture land sustenance of farmers through agriculture is becoming difficult.

The application efficiency of conventional irrigation system is only up to 40 %, due to non adoption of pressurized & scientific method of irrigation.

Due to lack of proper post harvest technologies losses in food grain is 10-15 %.

Diversification of crop is very slow. Area under Horticulture crops is only 2.5 % of cultivated land.

Cropping intensity of the district is only 95%.

Application of Soil and Water conservation technologies at farmers part are almost nil.

Present seed replacement rate is only 2%.

Imbalance and non judicious use of fertilizer (20:11:1 Kg NPK) in the district not only deteriorating soil health but also increasing cost of production.

Poor storage facilities & high fluctuation in market rate for fruits and vegetables restrict to farmers for crop diversification.

Adoption of improved tools and implements is very slow due to poor purchasing capacity of farmers is bottleneck in adoption of effective & scientific technology.

Non availability of critical inputs in time and their adulteration

Inadequate knowledge on the part of farmers as well as extension functionaries about location specific technologies suitable for farming system.

Poor credit support to small & marginal farmers is one of the bottleneck in enhancing productivity.

Although significant work has been done at R & D and policy level for enhancing crop productivity but lack of proper linkage and coordination among developmental departments the expected results yet to come.

Irregular supply of power in rabi during peak crop period is one of the bottleneck in enhancing crop production.

Govt. Offices and institutions working in the field of Agriculture and allied to agriculture in the district.
1 collage of Agriculture. Durg
2 Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
3
4 Department of Agriculture.
5 Department of Horticulture
6 Department of Veterinary Science
7 Department of Fisheries
8 District forest office.
9 Registrar cooperative society
10 Water resource Department
11 MPEB
12 District Food Office.
13 Other institution – ITC, IFFCO, KRIBHCO, NFL, etc.